How does AMR spread?

Bacteria, including resistant bacteria, can spread in a number of ways.

Between people

Bacteria can spread between people through:

  • direct contact (touching)
  • coughing and sneezing
  • exposure to bodily fluids (such as close personal contact).

Contaminated surfaces

Bacteria can live on surfaces for long periods of time.  You can pick up bacteria when you touch everyday objects.

Contaminated food

You can be exposed to bacteria when you handle, prepare or eat food that is contaminated with harmful bacteria. 


Bacteria can pass between animals and humans through direct contact.

What you can do

Find out what the general public can do to help stop AMR spreading.

Last updated: 
31 October 2017